Induction of Short NFATc1/αA isoform interferes with peripheral B cell differentiation

Khalid Muhammad, Ronald Rudolf, Duong Anh Thuy Pham, Stefan Klein-Hessling, Katsuyoshi Takata, Nobuko Matsushita, Volker Ellenrieder, Eisaku Kondo, Edgar Serfling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


In lymphocytes, immune receptor signals induce the rapid nuclear translocation of preformed cytosolic NFAT proteins. Along with co-stimulatory signals, persistent immune receptor signals lead to high levels of NFATc1/αA, a short NFATc1 isoform, in effector lymphocytes. Whereas NFATc1 is not expressed in plasma cells, in germinal centers numerous centrocytic B cells express nuclear NFATc1/αA. When overexpressed in chicken DT40 B cells or murine WEHI 231 B cells, NFATc1/αA suppressed their cell death induced by B cell receptor signals and affected the expression of genes controlling the germinal center reaction and plasma cell formation. Among those is the Prdm1 gene encoding Blimp-1, a key factor of plasma cell formation. By binding to a regulatory DNA element within exon 1 of the Prdm1 gene, NFATc1/αA suppresses Blimp-1 expression. Since expression of a constitutive active version of NFATc1/αA interfered with Prdm1 RNA expression, LPS-mediated differentiation of splenic B cells to plasmablasts in vitro and reduced immunoglobulin production in vivo, one may conclude that NFATc1/αA plays an important role in controlling plasmablast/plasma cell formation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number32
JournalFrontiers in immunology
Issue numberJAN
Publication statusPublished - Jan 24 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • B cells
  • DT40 cells
  • Germinal center
  • NFATc1
  • Plasma cells
  • Plasmablasts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology


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