Influence of fibre contents on mechanical and thermal properties of roselle fibre reinforced polyurethane composites

A. M. Radzi, S. M. Sapuan, M. Jawaid, M. R. Mansor

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

52 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to study the effect of fibre content on mechanical and morphological properties and thermal stability of roselle fibres (RFs) reinforced polyurethane (TPU) composites. The RF/TPU composites were prepared at difference fibre contents; 10, 20, 30, 40 and 50 wt% by melt mixed mixer and hot press at 170 °C. Mechanical (tensile, flexural and impact strength) and Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) properties of RF/TPU composites were measured according to ASTM standard. Obtained results indicated that effect of fibre contents display improved tensile and flexural and impact strength properties. RF/TPU composites show the best mechanical and thermal properties at 40 wt% roselle fibre content. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) micrograph of fractured tensile sample of the roselle composite revealed good fibre/matrix bonding. TGA showed that RF/TPU with difference fibre contents had improved thermal stability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1353-1358
Number of pages6
JournalFibers and Polymers
Volume18
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 1 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Mechanical properties
  • Polyurethane (TPU)
  • Roselle fibre
  • Thermal properties

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering
  • Polymers and Plastics

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