Insights into the Anti-Adipogenic and Anti-Inflammatory Potentialities of Probiotics against Obesity

A. K.M.Humayun Kober, Sudeb Saha, Mutamed Ayyash, Fu Namai, Keita Nishiyama, Kazutoyo Yoda, Julio Villena, Haruki Kitazawa

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


    Functional foods with probiotics are safe and effective dietary supplements to improve overweight and obesity. Thus, altering the intestinal microflora may be an effective approach for controlling or preventing obesity. This review aims to summarize the experimental method used to study probiotics and obesity, and recent advances in probiotics against obesity. In particular, we focused on studies (in vitro and in vivo) that used probiotics to treat obesity and its associated comorbidities. Several in vitro and in vivo (animal and human clinical) studies conducted with different bacterial species/strains have reported that probiotics promote anti-obesity effects by suppressing the differentiation of pre-adipocytes through immune cell activation, maintaining the Th1/Th2 cytokine balance, altering the intestinal microbiota composition, reducing the lipid profile, and regulating energy metabolism. Most studies on probiotics and obesity have shown that probiotics are responsible for a notable reduction in weight gain and body mass index. It also increases the levels of anti-inflammatory adipokines and decreases those of pro-inflammatory adipokines in the blood, which are responsible for the regulation of glucose and fatty acid breakdown. Furthermore, probiotics effectively increase insulin sensitivity and decrease systemic inflammation. Taken together, the intestinal microbiota profile found in overweight individuals can be modified by probiotic supplementation which can create a promising environment for weight loss along enhancing levels of adiponectin and decreasing leptin, tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α, interleukin (IL)-6, monocyte chemotactic protein (MCP)-1, and transforming growth factor (TGF)-β on human health.

    Original languageEnglish
    Issue number9
    Publication statusPublished - Apr 30 2024


    • adipocytes
    • anti-inflammatory adipokines
    • obesity
    • pro-inflammatory adipokines
    • probiotics

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Food Science
    • Nutrition and Dietetics


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