Instrument for Assessing the Ability to Identify Emotional Facial Expressions in Healthy Children and in Children With ADHD: The FEEL Test

Esther Lázaro, Imanol Amayra, Juan Francisco López-Paz, Oscar Martínez, Manuel Pérez, Sarah Berrocoso, Maitane García, Amaia Jometón, Mohammad Al-Rashaida, Mireia Oliva, Pamela Parada, Holger Hoffmann

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: This study presents the validation of a computerized assessment tool that studies the ability to recognize emotional facial expressions in children between 8 and 11 years of age: the Facially Expressed Emotion Labeling Test (FEEL Test). Method: The two tests composing the protocol were applied using a laptop in the following order: the FEEL Test followed by the Deusto-e-Motion 1.0 Test.The sample consisted of a total of 1,189 schoolchildren aged between 8 and 11 years, 594 boys and 594 girls. A clinical sample of 47 children with ADHD also took part in this study. Results: The Cronbach’s α coefficient for the total scale was.82, showing high levels of reliability. The difficulty index of the items ranged between.4 and.7. The statistical analyses showed a high rate of discrimination between those who obtained low scores compared with those who obtained high scores. The test results reflected differences according to age and gender of participants in many of the variables associated with both response accuracy and response speed. Regarding its predictive validity, the test is able to find statistically significant differences in the total test score among a group of children diagnosed with ADHD and a matched control group. Conclusion: This article presents the validation of an instrument that assesses the ability to recognize facial expressions in children between 8 and 11 years old and can discriminate and detect differences in gender, age, and possible deficits in social skills within the ADHD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)563-569
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Attention Disorders
Volume23
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • ADHD
  • children
  • emotional facial expression
  • Test FEEL
  • validation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

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