TY - JOUR

T1 - Integrability of a general Gross-Pitaevskii equation and exact solitonic solutions of a Bose-Einstein condensate in a periodic potential

AU - Al Khawaja, U.

PY - 2009/7/20

Y1 - 2009/7/20

N2 - We consider a general form of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation with time- and space-dependent effective mass, external potential and strength of interatomic interaction. Using the inverse-scattering method, we derive the integrability condition of this equation within a general scheme that can be used to find exact solutions of a wide range of linear and nonlinear partial differential equations. We use this condition to derive exact solitonic solutions of the one-dimensional time-dependent Gross-Pitaevskii equation corresponding to a Bose-Einstein condensate trapped by a periodic potential. Both attractive and repulsive interatomic interactions are considered. The values of the parameters of the potential can be chosen such that the periodic potential becomes almost identical to that of an optical lattice.

AB - We consider a general form of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation with time- and space-dependent effective mass, external potential and strength of interatomic interaction. Using the inverse-scattering method, we derive the integrability condition of this equation within a general scheme that can be used to find exact solutions of a wide range of linear and nonlinear partial differential equations. We use this condition to derive exact solitonic solutions of the one-dimensional time-dependent Gross-Pitaevskii equation corresponding to a Bose-Einstein condensate trapped by a periodic potential. Both attractive and repulsive interatomic interactions are considered. The values of the parameters of the potential can be chosen such that the periodic potential becomes almost identical to that of an optical lattice.

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U2 - 10.1016/j.physleta.2009.05.049

DO - 10.1016/j.physleta.2009.05.049

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:67649842419

SN - 0375-9601

VL - 373

SP - 2710

EP - 2716

JO - Physics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics

JF - Physics Letters, Section A: General, Atomic and Solid State Physics

IS - 31

ER -