Interval estimation of variance ratio in non-normal unbalanced one-way random models

Chafik Bouhaddioui, Mohamed Y. El-Bassiouni, Kilani Ghoudi

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


    Confidence intervals based on the harmonic mean method are proposed for estimating the ratio of variance components and/or the intraclass correlation coefficient (ρ) in unbalanced one-way random models without the normality assumptions. Since the proposed procedure is heavily dependent on the estimation of the kurtosis of the underlying distributions, bias-corrected estimators of kurtosis are proposed as well. Several asymptotic results concerning the proposed procedure are given along with simulation results to assess its performance in finite sample size situations. The proposed intervals are also compared with the corresponding confidence intervals based on the arithmetic mean method and were found to effectively maintain the nominal probability of coverage, except for leptokurtic distributions with fairly large kurtosis where the intervals tend to be liberal. According to the simulation results, the proposed harmonic mean intervals are recommended for use in practice. However, while computing the harmonic mean intervals, the bias-corrected estimators of kurtosis should be used when it is anticipated that ρ is small, but for large ρ the empirically corrected estimators of kurtosis should be adopted. The procedure is illustrated using a real data set.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)1329-1344
    Number of pages16
    JournalJournal of Statistical Computation and Simulation
    Issue number6
    Publication statusPublished - Jun 2014


    • harmonic mean method
    • interval estimation
    • intraclass correlation
    • kurtosis estimation
    • unbalanced mixed models
    • variance components

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Statistics and Probability
    • Modelling and Simulation
    • Statistics, Probability and Uncertainty
    • Applied Mathematics


    Dive into the research topics of 'Interval estimation of variance ratio in non-normal unbalanced one-way random models'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

    Cite this