Intracerebroventricular met-enkephalin administration modulates adjuvant arthritis

Adlan M. Elhassan, Nikos Papadogiannakis, Abdu Adem, Isam Suliman, Adel Gad, J. Urban Lindgren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


The purpose of this study was to investigate the anti-inflammatory properties of intracerebroventricular met-enkephalin (met-enk) administration in an animal model of arthritis. Adjuvant arthritis was induced in rats by intradermal inoculation of mycobacterium butyricum and the effects of intraventricular met-enk+thiorphan (enkephalinase inhibitor) were studied. Treatment was initiated either simultaneously with the bacterial inoculation (preventive group) or on post-inoculation day 17 after the appearance of inflammation (treatment group). The degree of inflammation was evaluated by measuring the diameter and the circumference of the ankle joint immediately before the sacrifice (day 31) and by histologic examination of ankle joint sections. The results of this study revealed that combined intraventricular injections of met-enk+thiorphan reduced the arthritic-like inflammation in the preventive group as well as in the treatment group. These findings suggest that centrally applied met-enk+thiorphan may suppress the development adjuvant arthritis as well as the symptoms of manifest arthritis. Thus central met-enk may be involved in both hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis and immune forms of stress-induced modulation. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)23-28
Number of pages6
JournalBrain Research
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - Oct 6 2000


  • Ankle
  • Arthritis
  • Met-enk
  • Mycobacteria
  • Neurotransmitters, modulators, transporters, and receptors
  • Other neurotransmitters
  • Synovial cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology


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