The distribution of regulatory peptides was studied by radioimmunoassay in the separated mucosa, submucosa and muscularis externa of the human oxyntic stomach, antrum and duodenum. Immunoreactive gastrin, secretin, gastric inhibitory polypeptide and motilin were virtually confined to the mucosa and duodenal submucosa, where endocrine cells are present. Only minor amounts of motilin and gastrin (3.2 ± 0.5% and 4.3 ± 0.8% of their total content, means + SEM, respectively) were found in the separated duodenal muscle. Somatostatin-, vasoactive intestinal polypeptide-, substance P-, and mammalian bombesin-like peptides showed distinct differential distribution in all layers. Substance P was low in the stomach and markedly increased in the duodenum, especially in the mucosa (fundus 0.8 ± 0.2 pmol/g, duodenum 66 ± 12). Vasoactive intestinal polypeptide and somatostatin, although well represented in the stomach, also increased in the duodenum in all layers of the wall (whole fundus 281 ± 33 and 334 ± 46 pmol/g, antrum 124 ± 18 and 426 ± 59, duodenum 507 ± 99 and 1816 ± 149, respectively). Mammalian bombesin immunoreactivity was comparatively abundant in the oxyntic stomach (mucosa 34 ± 4.5 pmol/g, muscularis externa 29 ± 4.8), loss so in the antrum (6.3 ± 1.5 and 11 ± 3.2 pmol/g, respectively). Low concentrations of this peptide were measured in the duodenum, practically confined to the muscle (this layer 5.1 ± 1.5 pmol/g, or 83 ± 5.6% of the total content).
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 29 1987|
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