Investigation of Filter Cake Evolution in Carbonate Formation Using Polymer-Based Drilling Fluid

Musaab I. Magzoub, Saeed Salehi, Ibnelwaleed A. Hussein, Mustafa S. Nasser

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Drilling fluid and filtrates invasion often alter the near-wellbore flow properties during overbalanced drilling. The utilization of polymeric gels to prevent drilling fluid loss reduces the risk of formation damage caused by this alteration. In this study, the internal and external filter cake evolution by polyacrylamide (PAM) cross-linked with polyethylenimine (PEI) was investigated. The analysis conducted in this study showed that the cross-linked polymer activates and forms a mature gel inside the formation's pores. Gel also formed a dense uniform structure on the rock's surface, preventing further fluid loss. A high sealing pressure of up to 1000 psi was achieved, allowing drilling to continue without the need for additional casing string to prevent lost circulation. Moreover, the PAM/PEI formula showed less invasion of filtrate and evolution of a thin shallow internal filter cake that penetrated less than half of the filter disk thickness. In comparison to the full invasion and particle depositions that occurred with the water-based mud (WBM), the PAM/PEI formula is expected to reduce the impact of lost circulation materials (LCMs) on formation damage.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6231-6239
Number of pages9
JournalACS Omega
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Mar 9 2021
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering


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