Investigation of non-isothermal kinetics and thermodynamic parameters for the pyrolysis of different date palm parts

Emmanuel Galiwango, Ali H. Al-Marzuoqi, Abbas A. Khaleel, Mahdi M. Abu-Omar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Using the thermalgravimetric technique, we investigated the non-isothermal combustion kinetics of abundant and low-cost date palm wastes (leaflet, rachis, fibers, and their composite) as potential biomass energy sources. The kinetic and thermodynamic parameters were determined by Flynn–Wall–Ozawa (FWO), Kissinger–Akahila–Sunose (KAS), and Starink methods. Thermogravimetric analysis results showed a major peak for the degradation of volatiles between 127–138 °C with average percentage mass loss of 68.04 ± 1.5, 65.57 ± 0.6, 62.97 ± 5.5, and 59.26 ± 3.2, for rachis, composite, leaflet, and fibers, respectively. The FWO model showed the lowest activation energy, Eα, of 157 ± 25.6, 158 ± 25.7, 164 ± 40.1, and 169 ± 51.8 kJ mol−1 for the composite, rachis, leaflet, and fibers, respectively. The positive enthalpy values confirmed an endothermic pyrolysis reaction. For all models, a minimal difference of 4.40, 5.57, 6.55, and 7.51 kJ mol−1 between activation energy and enthalpy for rachis, fibers, composite, and leaflet ensued, respectively. The KAS model was best suited to describe chemical equilibrium with average ΔG values of 90.3 ± 28.8, 99.3 ± 34.9, 178.9 ± 27.3, and 186.5 ± 38.2 kJ mol−1 for rachis, fibers, composite, and leaflet, respectively. The reaction mechanism by the Malek and Popescu methods was ((g(α)=[−ln(1−α)]14) across the conversion range of 0.1–0.9 for all heating rates. The high energy content and volatile matter combined with low energy barriers make date palm waste a potential candidate in a biorefinery.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6553
Issue number24
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2 2020


  • Date palm waste
  • Lignocellulosic biomass
  • Malek and Popescu methods
  • Reaction mechanism
  • Waste-to-energy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Energy (miscellaneous)
  • Control and Optimization
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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