Investigation on the Biological Safety and Activity of a Gluconolactone-Based Lotion for Dermocosmetic Application

Nicola Zerbinati, Serena Di Francesco, Maria Chiara Capillo, Cristina Maccario, Giorgio Stabile, Hassan Galadari, Raffaele Rauso, Sabrina Sommatis, Roberto Mocchi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

(1) Background: Cosmeceuticals are formulas enriched with active ingredients that exert efficacy on different skin molecular targets. (2) Methods: Cell viability and the absence of potential irritant risk were evaluated on keratinocytes (HaCaT), fibroblasts (NHDF), adipocytes (3T3-L1), sebocytes (PCi-SEB_CAU) and reconstructed human epidermis (RHE), respectively. Several treatments were performed to evaluate the ability of the lotion to stimulate the production of collagen and elastin, stimulate the differentiation of keratinocytes and reduce the number of senescent cells following UVB stimulation. In addition, the modulation of genes involved in the production, storage and accumulation of sebum were investigated. (3) Results: The results obtained demonstrated the biosafety of the formula in all cell lines tested. The 24-h treatment with non-cytotoxic concentrations determined an increase in the expression of the collagen (COL1A1), elastin (ELN) and involucrin (IVL) genes, while a reduction of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPARγ) gene expression and a reduction of SA-βgal-positive cells were found. Moreover, the treatment did not interfere with normal steroid 5-alpha reductase (5RDA3) gene expression levels. (4) Conclusions: Data collected demonstrated the biosafety of the lotion, the non-comedogenic property and a multi targets anti-aging effect. In particular, data collected on the booster lotion make it a valid way to counteract the pore dilatation aging related.

Original languageEnglish
Article number655
JournalPharmaceuticals
Volume16
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2023

Keywords

  • biosafety
  • cosmeceutical
  • gluconolactone
  • skin care
  • skin-ageing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery

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