Keller box simulation of magnetic pseudoplastic nano-polymer coating flow over a circular cylinder with entropy optimisation

Qasem Al-Mdallal, V. Ramachandra Prasad, H. Thameem Basha, Ioannis Sarris, Nevzat Akkurt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


In this study, a Keller box calculation of magnetic nanopolymer coating flow over a circular cylinder in the presence of nonlinear convection is performed. A two-phase nanofluid model (Buongiorno model) is used to model the equations for nanofluid flow and heat and mass transfer. The problem at hand is first formulated in the dimensional form of nonlinear partial differential equations (PDEs) and then transformed into the dimensionless PDEs form by manipulating non-similar variables. The Keller box approach (implicit finite differences) is used for the calculations of the transformed PDEs. The characteristics of critical thermophysical physical parameters on the flow field, viz thermal convection, Brownian motion, Weissenberg number, thermophoresis, magnetic field, heat source/sink, Biot number, buoyancy ration parameter, Eckert number, and mixed convection, are graphically manifested. In addition, the flow control parameters estimate the sheath friction, heat transfer rate, and mass transfer rate in the flow coordinate. A significant increase in the velocity of the Williamson nanofluid is accompanied by an increase in the Biot number, magnetic field, and mixed convection. The isotherms show a higher fluid temperature near the wall in the absence of convection. The Weissenberg number, Biot number, and thermophoresis significantly increase the temperature of the Williamson nanofluid. The density of the streamlines is lowered with a larger buoyancy ratio parameter. The total entropy generation of the Williamson nanofluid is improved by increasing the Brinkman number and the Weissenberg number.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)132-158
Number of pages27
JournalComputers and Mathematics with Applications
Publication statusPublished - Jul 15 2022


  • Convective heat transfer
  • Entropy generation
  • Implicit finite difference method
  • Nonlinear convection
  • Pseudoplastic nanofluid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics
  • Computational Mathematics


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