Kinetic parameters underlying hematite-assisted decomposition of tribromophenol

Labeeb Ali, Mohamed Shafi Kuttiyathil, Mohammad Al-Harahsheh, Mohammednoor Altarawneh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Interaction of brominated flame retardants (BFRs) and transition metal oxides is a widely utilized approach in thermal recycling of bromine-contaminated plastics. An optimum design of the operation requires the development of accurate thermo-kinetic parameters that dictate the co-degradation of both entities. To attain this obviative, thermal degradation behavior pertinent to co-pyrolysis and co-combustion of hematite (Fe2O3): tribromophenol (TBP) mixtures was explored in a thermogravimetric analyzer (TGA) at various heating rates. Thermo-kinetic parameters for mixtures were acquired based on TGA runs while employing three major model-free or isoconversional methods (KAS, Starink, and FWO) and model-fitting methods (Coats-Redfern). Obtained profiles infer that the addition of hematite systematically reduces the governing activation energy (Ea) in both thermochemical processes in reference to neat TBP. The hematite-assisted debromination of TBP under oxidative conditions entails lower activation energy when compared with degradation under pyrolytic conditions. Molecular modeling mapped out initial mechanisms that operate in the interaction with a prime focus on reactions that lead to ring opening of the aromatic rings. Overall, the results obtained from the thermal chemical conversions find direct application in reactor modeling and heat transfer design in domains related to the recycling of electronic and electrical waste (e-wastes).

Original languageEnglish
Article number104540
JournalArabian Journal of Chemistry
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023


  • BFR
  • Kinetic parameters
  • Non-isothermal
  • Reaction mechanism
  • Thermal degradation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering


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