Knowledge and attitudes of medical and health science students in the united arab emirates toward genomic medicine and pharmacogenomics: A cross-sectional study

Azhar T. Rahma, Mahanna Elsheik, Iffat Elbarazi, Bassam R. Ali, George P. Patrinos, Maitha A. Kazim, Salma S. Alfalasi, Luai A. Ahmed, Fatma Al Maskari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Medical and health science students represent future health professionals, and their perceptions are essential to increasing awareness on genomic medicine and pharmacogenomics. Lack of education is one of the significant barriers that may affect health professional's ability to interpret and communicate pharmacogenomics information and results to their clients. Our aim was to assess medical and health science students knowledge, attitudes and perception for a better genomic medicine and pharmacogenomics practice in the United Arab Emirates (UAE). A cross-sectional study was conducted using a validated questionnaire distributed electronically to students recruited using random and snowball sampling methods. A total of 510 students consented and completed the questionnaire between December 2018 and October 2019. The mean knowledge score (SD) for students was 5.4 (±2.7). There were significant differences in the levels of knowledge by the year of study of bachelor's degree students, the completion status of training or education in pharmacogenomics (PGX) or pharmacogenetics and the completion of an internship or study abroad program (p-values < 0.05. The top two barriers that students identified in the implementation of genomic medicine and pharmacogenomics were lack of training or education (59.7%) and lack of clinical guidelines (58.7%). Concerns regarding confidentiality and discrimination were stated. The majority of medical and health science students had positive attitudes but only had a fair level of knowledge. Stakeholders in the UAE must strive to acquaint their students with up-to-date knowledge of genomic medicine and pharmacogenomics.

Original languageEnglish
Article number191
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Personalized Medicine
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • Attitudes
  • Barriers
  • Genomic medicine
  • Knowledge
  • Pharmacogenomics
  • UAE students

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)

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