Knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of the multi-ethnic population of the United Arab Emirates on genomic medicine and genetic testing

Azhar T. Rahma, Bassam R. Ali, George P. Patrinos, Luai A. Ahmed, Iffat Elbarazi, Aminu S. Abdullahi, Mahanna Elsheik, Maram Abbas, Farah Afandi, Aisha Alnaqbi, Fatma Al Maskari

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: The adoption and implementation of genomic medicine and pharmacogenomics (PGx) in healthcare systems have been very slow and limited worldwide. Major barriers to knowledge translation into clinical practice lie in the level of literacy of the public of genetics and genomics. The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitudes, and perceptions of the United Arab Emirates (UAE) multi-ethnic communities toward genomic medicine and genetic testing. Method: A cross-sectional study using validated questionnaires was distributed to the participants. Descriptive statistics were performed, and multivariable logistic regression models were used to identify factors associated with knowledge of genomics. Results: 757 individuals completed the survey. Only 7% of the participants had a good knowledge level in genetics and genomics (95% CI 5.3–9.0%). However, 76.9% of the participants were willing to take a genetic test if their relatives had a genetic disease. In addition, the majority indicated that they would disclose their genetic test results to their spouses (61.5%) and siblings (53.4%). Conclusions: This study sets the stage for the stakeholders to plan health promotion and educational campaigns to improve the genomic literacy of the community of the UAE as part of their efforts for implementing precision and personalized medicine in the country.

Original languageEnglish
Article number63
JournalHuman Genomics
Volume17
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

Keywords

  • Disclosure
  • Genetic tests
  • Genomic literacy
  • Implementation
  • Personalized medicine
  • United Arab Emirates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Drug Discovery

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