Knowledge, tracking, a bell here and a whistle there: Response to Ramachandran

Yohan Joo, Simon Langford

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Ramachandran (2015) has offered a new tracking analysis of knowledge which avoids the main difficulties afflicting the original tracking analyses of Dretske (1971) and Nozick (1981). This paper examines various problem cases for the analysis. We show that modifications can be made to handle most of the cases. But even when the bells and whistles we suggest are in place, counterexamples remain.The first section describes Ramachandran's analysis and its many advantages. The next section shows that, as stated, the analysans fails to be necessary. The third section raises a problem for one of the analysis's two sufficiency conditions, while the fourth raises a problem for the other sufficiency condition. The fifth section draws conclusions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)9-17
Number of pages9
JournalSouth African Journal of Philosophy
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 4 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Philosophy


Dive into the research topics of 'Knowledge, tracking, a bell here and a whistle there: Response to Ramachandran'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this