Leadership effects on innovation propensity: A two-factor full range leadership model

James C. Ryan, Syed A.A. Tipu

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    116 Citations (Scopus)


    This paper examines the leadership dimensions of the full range leadership model in Pakistan and the relation of leadership to innovation propensity for a sample of 548 participants. Analysis of data using exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, and structural equation modeling yields results that do not identify the leadership dimensions of transformational, transactional and laissez-faire leadership. Rather, the study identifies two distinct leadership dimensions, namely active leadership and passive-avoidant leadership and explores the relation between these leadership dimensions and innovation propensity. Results show that active leadership has a strong and significant positive effect on innovation propensity, while passive-avoidant leadership has a significant but weakly positive effect on innovation propensity. The study concludes that these leadership styles offer unique insight into the nature of leadership behaviors in Pakistani organizations and the influence that such behaviors have on innovation propensity.

    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)2116-2129
    Number of pages14
    JournalJournal of Business Research
    Issue number10
    Publication statusPublished - Oct 2013


    • Full range model
    • Innovation propensity
    • Pakistan
    • Transformational leadership

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Marketing


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