LecturePlus: a learner-centered teaching method to promote deep learning

Muhammad Jawad Hashim, Romona Govender, Nadirah Ghenimi, Alexander Kieu, Moien A.B. Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A new teaching format, the LecturePlus, was formulated as a lecture followed by small-group learning activities. This study assessed the effectiveness of LecturePlus in medical education. An interventional study was conducted among final-year medical students, with 74 students in the experimental group and 96 students in the control group. Each LecturePlus lasted ~1 h and was conducted with 12-18 students. A LecturePlus session comprised of a lecture followed by small-group problem-solving exer-cises. The exercises were clinical cases with open-ended short-answer questions. Students were divided into groups of three (triads) for these exercises. A faculty tutor assisted the small groups as needed. Closure was achieved through a discussion moderated by the tutor. Learning outcomes were assessed via the National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME) subject scores and compared with those of the preceding academic year. An additional multiple-choice question (MCQ) test was administered before and after the clerkship. The MCQ test showed improvement in knowledge application (P < 0.001, partial eta squared = 0.42). There was a statistically significant improvement in adjusted NBME scores among female students (74.8 vs. 71.8; P = 0.017) but not among male students. An anonymous written questionnaire survey showed high ratings for LecturePlus (95% selecting yes or partly yes to overall satisfaction). LecturePlus is an instructional strategy that integrates a lecture with learning activities. It can be scaled to large class sizes facilitated by one teacher. By combining didactic teaching with problem-solving, this new instructional strategy may foster application of knowledge. NEW & NOTEWORTHY We developed a new structured teaching format, the LecturePlus, to promote deep learning. A LecturePlus session consists of a brief lecture, followed by small-group problem-solving exercises, ending with a closing discus-sion moderated by the teacher. During the small-group exercises, students were divided into groups of three (triads) and given case-based problems. One faculty tutor supervised the entire session. LecturePlus resulted in improved learning outcomes and was rated highly by medical students.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)175-180
Number of pages6
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Advances in Physiology Education
Volume47
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2023

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Physiology

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