Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Objective: This manuscript tries to report the effect of crowing on children's and adults' well-being. Crowding is a social phenomenon where living conditions have also shown worsening effects on a child's adequate development and execution of behavior. Further, crowding also has a worsening effect on individual working and family space and happiness. Theoretical framework: To present the complete and comprehensive approach to the effects of crowding, theoretical descriptions were presented from international scientific publications, reports, and empirical studies. The manuscript presents the recent development in crowing over the last few years. Methodology: Very little research has been directed to investigate the impact of crowding as a social phenomenon on children's and adults' well-being. It is important to understand the markers related to crowding which may affect individual happiness and child development. Therefore, this narrative review serves as a tool to investigate different aspects of crowding. Mainly the articles from the years 2000 to 2023 have been included from the various scientific platforms that have relevance to the proposed topic. Results and conclusion: Crowding affects family life and may negatively impact the bonding between parents and children, especially during the pandemic. Crowding has important aspects of social inequality which have been neglected mainly by underdeveloped or overpopulated cities or countries. These poor living conditions may also serve as the main problem associated with neurological and emotional well-being in all types of problems resulting in emotional and personality issues. These negative effects may also impact children and adults neurological and professional incompetencies may serve longitudinal consequences mainly for socioeconomic status. The main reason could be understood as lower-income group individuals live in small houses, which could compromise their individual space, and personal and professional lives in various ways. The chapter aims to define all the above-mentioned areas with some suggestive strategies that may be beneficial in living in the new normal from the perspective of individual well-being and the formation of living law conditions in a country. Originality/value: The manuscript is a narrative review highlighting the importance of the social phenomenon crowding on an individual's social, personal and professional development. The manuscript also establishes the link between crowding and neurological phenomena from the perspective of adults' well-being and child development Further, children may also show negative and long-term consequences for residing in overcrowded home spaces and individual professional life may also be affected. The manuscript is essential to ensure and modify the government rules and ensure child and adult development from the perspective of interpersonal spaces.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0773
JournalJournal of Law and Sustainable Development
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Sept 19 2023


  • adult and child well-being
  • crowding
  • neurological health
  • social phenomenon
  • working and non-working individuals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Law


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