Localization of M1 muscarinic receptors in rat brain using selective muscarinic toxin-1

Abdu Adem, Mikael Jolkkonen, Nenad Bogdanovic, Atiqul Islam, Evert Karlsson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


Mambas, African snakes of the genus Dendroaspis, produce several types of toxins that are of pharmacological interest. The novel muscarinic toxin-1 (MT-1), from the green mamba Dendroaspis angusticeps, binds specifically to muscarinic M1 receptors in homogenates of rat cerebral cortex. Iodination of the toxin, 125I-muscarinic toxin-1 (125I-MT-1), renders the toxin selective for M1 muscarinic receptors. Quantitative measurement of 125I- MT-1 autoradiography in rat brain sections indicated highest labeling in the nucleus accumbens, striatum, and dentate gyrus. High densities of 125I- MT-1 binding sites were located in the CA1 region of the hippocampus, frontal, and parietal cortices. Moderate densities of binding sites were seen in temporal cortex, and hippocampal subregions CA2, CA3, and CA4, whereas low labeling was observed in the cerebellum and spinal cord.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)597-601
Number of pages5
JournalBrain Research Bulletin
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1997
Externally publishedYes


  • Acetylcholine
  • Brain
  • Mamba snake venom
  • Muscarinic receptor subtypes
  • Muscarinic toxins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience


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