Locally applied molgramostim improves wound healing at colonic anastomoses in rats after ligation of the common bile duct

Mehmet A. Gulcelik, Soykan Dinc, Ferda Bir, Orhan Elitok, Haluk Alagol, Murat Oz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Several systemic factors, including jaundice, long-term corticosteroid therapy, diabetes and malnutrition, increase the risk of anastomotic dehiscence. The local application of molgramostim (recombinant human granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor) has been reported to improve impaired dermal wound healing. Since jaundice, one of the systemic risk factors for anastomotic dehiscence, causes significant impairment of anastomotic healing, we hypothesized that locally injected molgramostim could improve the healing of bowel anastomoses in bile-duct-ligated rats used as an experimental model for jaundice. Methods: Eighty-six Sprague-Dawley rats were randomized into 4 groups of 20-22 animals each as follows: group 1 - colonic anastomosis only; group 2 - laparotomy followed 7 days later by colonic anastomosis; group 3 - common-bile-duct ligation (CBDL) followed 7 days later by colonic anastomosis (control group); group 4 - CBDL followed by colonic anastomosis with locally applied molgramostim. Laparotomy was performed under anesthesia in group 2 rats. In groups 3 and 4, laparotomy was followed by ligation and dissection of the common bile duct. After 7 days, colonic anastomosis was performed; in group 4 rats, molgramostim (50 μg) was injected into the perianastomotic area. On postoperative day 3, rats were killed, and the bursting pressures and hydroxy-proline levels measured. Two rats from each group were selected for histopathological examination. Results: The mean bursting pressure in group 4 was significantly higher than that in group 3 (37.8 v. 30.5 mm Hg [p < 0.01]). The mean hydroxyproline level in group 3 was significantly lower than that of the other groups (2.7 v. 3.1-3.5 mg/g tissue [p < 0.01]). On histopathological examination, specimens from group 4 rats showed an increased mononuclear cell population and a smaller gap on the anastomotic line than, those from group 3. Conclusion: The local injection of molgramostim improves healing of the impaired wound in rats subjected to CBDL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-218
Number of pages6
JournalCanadian Journal of Surgery
Volume48
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2005
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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