Long term administration of granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor decreases development of 1-2 dimethylhydrazine-induced colon cancer in rats

Soykan Dinc, Bulent Ozbirecikli, Bekir Kuru, Mehmet Ali Gulcelik, Huseyin Ustun, Haluk Alagol, Murat Oz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background and Objectives: The antitumoral activities of granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor (GM-CSF) were shown earlier. In this study, the effects of GM-CSF were investigated on colon cancer induced by 18 weeks of 1-2 dimethylhydrazine (DMH) administration in rats. Methods: Four groups received subcutaneous saline (n = 20), 15 mg/kg DMH (n = 30), DMH +6 μg/kg GM-CSF (n = 30), and DMH +12 μg/kg (n = 30) GM-CSF. Results: The average number of tumors (2.8 vs. 1.5) and mean tumor volume (179 ± 36 vs. 27 ± 9 mm3; means ± SEM) were reduced in DMH + GM-CSF groups as compared to the DMH group (n = 30, P < 0.01). DMH-induced enhancement of free radicals and lipid peroxidation were decreased in DMH + GM-CSF group (n = 8-12, P < 0.05). The magnitude of DMH-induced alterations in superoxide dismutase (SOD) and glutathione peroxidase (GPx) activities was lowered in the DMH + GM-CSF group (n = 12-16, P < 0.05). DMH-induced increases in the total nitrite/nitrate levels and the nitric oxide synthase (NOS) activity (n = 10-12, P < 0.05) were also reduced in the DMH + GM-CSF group (n = 8-9, P < 0.05). Conclusions: The results indicate that GM-CSF inhibits the development of DMH-induced colon cancer in rats and suggest that inhibition of oxidative stress and NO pathway are involved in the observed antitumoral effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)12-21
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Surgical Oncology
Volume95
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Colon cancer
  • Dimethylhydrazine
  • Free radicals
  • Granulocyte-macrophage colony stimulating factor
  • Nitric oxide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Oncology

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