Long-term hydrodynamic modeling of the Arabian Gulf

Abubaker Elhakeem, Walid Elshorbagy, Tobias Bleninger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

37 Citations (Scopus)


A 3-D prognostic baroclinic hydrodynamic model of the Arabian Gulf (AG) was developed using Delft3D-FLOW. The model was forced with long-term time averaged climatological data over the computational domain and long-term salinity and temperature boundary conditions applied at its tidal open boundary. The model simulation results were thoroughly validated against measured tides from 5 stations and measured currents at 4 locations in the central and southern parts. Water salinity and temperature were validated in space and time using observations spanning over 73. years from 1923 to 1996 for the AG, the Strait of Hormuz and the Gulf of Oman. The bottom flow of the AG basin at the vicinity of the Strait of Hormuz was also validated against the available measurements. Seasonal evaporation and surface density spatial distribution maps were produced and compared with available records. The developed model setup successfully generated the AG seasonal stratification and hydrographic conditions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)19-36
Number of pages18
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Issue number1-2
Publication statusPublished - May 15 2015


  • Arabian Gulf
  • Hydrodynamic modeling
  • Long-term
  • Salinity
  • Temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Pollution


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