Management of blunt adrenal gland injury in a community-based hospital

Fathima T. Kunhivalappil, Ashraf F. Hefny, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


Introduction: Injury of the adrenal gland in blunt trauma is rare. The routine usage of the whole body computed tomography (CT)scan helps in early diagnosis. We aimed to study the incidence, mechanism of injury, management, and outcome of adrenal injury in blunt trauma patients treated in a community-based hospital. Methods: CT scan of the abdomen of all blunt trauma patients who were admitted to our institution between October 2010 and March 2018 were retrospectively reviewed. The files of all the patients with CT scan-detected adrenal injuries were retrieved. Studied variables included demography, mechanism of injury, associated injuries, GCS, ISS, Intensive Care Unit admission, hospital stay, and outcome. Results: 4991 blunt trauma patients were admitted to the hospital. CT scan of the abdomen was performed for 2359 (47%)patients. Blunt adrenal injuries were diagnosed in eleven male patients (0.22%). The main mechanism of injury was motor vehicle collisions in eight (72.7%)patients. Nine (81.8%)patients had right adrenal gland injury. The mean (range)ISS was 22 (6–50). All patients had intra-adrenal hematoma and periadrenal fat stranding. None of our patients had acute adrenal insufficiency. One patient died (overall mortality 9.1%). Conclusions: The incidence of blunt adrenal injury, although rare, is similar in a community-based hospital to those reported from trauma I centers. It is associated with severe and multiple organ injuries. Blunt adrenal injuries are usually self-limiting.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1049-1052
Number of pages4
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May 2019


  • Adrenal gland
  • Community
  • Hematoma
  • Hospitals
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Emergency Medicine
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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