Managing Multiple Halide-Related Defects for Efficient and Stable Inorganic Perovskite Solar Cells

Zhiteng Wang, Qingwen Tian, Hao Zhang, Huidong Xie, Yachao Du, Lei Liu, Xiaolong Feng, Adel Najar, Xiaodong Ren, Shengzhong Liu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


Halide-related surface defects on inorganic halide perovskite not only induce charge recombination but also severely limit the long-term stability of perovskite solar cells. Herein, adopting density functional theory calculation, we verify that iodine interstitials (Ii) has a low formation energy similar to that of the iodine vacancy (VI) and is also readily formed on the surface of all-inorganic perovskite, and it is regarded to function as an electron trap. We screen a specific 2,6-diaminopyridine (2,6-DAPy) passivator, which, with the aid of the combined effects from halogen-Npyridine and coordination bonds, not only successfully eliminates the Ii and dissociative I2 but also passivates the abundant VI. Furthermore, the two symmetric neighboring -NH2 groups interact with adjacent halides of the octahedral cluster by forming hydrogen bonds, which further promotes the adsorption of 2,6-DAPy molecules onto the perovskite surface. Such synergetic effects can significantly passivate harmful iodine-related defects and undercoordinated Pb2+, prolong carrier lifetimes and facilitate the interfacial hole transfer. Consequently, these merits enhance the power-conversion efficiency (PCE) from 19.6 % to 21.8 %, the highest value for this type of solar cells, just as importantly, the 2,6-DAPy-treated CsPbI3−xBrx films show better environmental stability.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere202305815
JournalAngewandte Chemie - International Edition
Issue number30
Publication statusPublished - Jul 24 2023


  • All-Inorganic Perovskite
  • CsPbIBr
  • Defect Passivation
  • Iodine-Related Defects
  • Solar Cells

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • General Chemistry


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