Mechanical and Physical Properties of Pea Starch Edible Films in the Presence of Glycerol

Bahareh Saberi, Quan V. Vuong, Suwimol Chockchaisawasdee, John B. Golding, Christopher J. Scarlett, Costas E. Stathopoulos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The mechanical properties and moisture sorption at relative humidity (RH) range of 11–94%, water vapor permeability (WVP), solubility in water and color of the pea starch films as a function of glycerol were examined. The results showed that increasing the concentration of plasticizer resulted in improvement of the tensile strength of the films at RH <43%, the percent elongation as well as the deformation at break at RH <84%. Increasing plasticizer content and RH also resulted in films with lower Young's modulus, lower puncture force, but higher puncture deformation. Furthermore, increasing plasticizer content led to the films with more opaque appearance. Films prepared with 15 and 25% glycerol had lower WVP in comparison with unplasticized film. This study provides information regarding the advantageous or disadvantageous of possible application of pea starch films in food packaging industry. Practical Application: Starch edible films have been utilized for packaging technologies and edible coatings. Pea starch has been found to produce the films with improved physical and mechanical properties in comparison with films prepared from other starches due to high amount of amylose. The development of pea starch film with improved functions affects its application. Pea starch edible films may find practical applications in the poultry, meat, seafood, fruit, vegetable, grains and candies industries.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1339-1351
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Food Processing and Preservation
Volume40
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering

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