Mechanical and thermal properties of exfoliated graphite nanoplatelets reinforced polyethylene terephthalate/polypropylene composites

Ibrahim Mohammed Inuwa, Azman Hassan, Sani Amril Samsudin, Mohamad Haafiz Mohamad Kassim, Mohamad Jawaid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Exfoliated graphite nanoplatelets (GNP) reinforced composites materials based on blend of poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) and polypropylene (PP) were prepared by melt extrusion followed by injection molding. 10 parts per hundred resin (phr) styrene-ethylene-butylene-styrene-gmaleic anhydride was added to the base formulation PET/PP (70/30) as a compatibilizer. PET/PP/GNP composites 0-5 phr were prepared and characterized using field emission scanning electron microscopy, transmission electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction, and Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy analysis. The morphological studies revealed a homogenous dispersion of GNPs in PET/PP blends up to 3 phr loading after which agglomeration occurred. Flexural strength was enhanced by 80% at 3 phr GNPs loading which was the highest value obtained. Interestingly, the highest value for the impact strength was also recorded at 3 phr loading. The thermal stability of the composites were generally improved at all filler loading with the highest at 3 phr. From the overall results, it is clear that the optimum concentration of GNPs in the PET/PP/GNP system in terms of both mechanical and thermal properties was 3 phr loading. Although, the mechanical and thermal properties of the composites were improved, the FTIR analysis did not reveal any chemical interaction between GNP and the polymer matrix.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2029-2035
Number of pages7
JournalPolymer Composites
Volume35
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1 2014
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • General Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Mechanical and thermal properties of exfoliated graphite nanoplatelets reinforced polyethylene terephthalate/polypropylene composites'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this