Mechanical, Morphological and Dynamic Mechanical Analysis of Pineapple Leaf/Washingtonia Trunk Fibres Based Biophenolic Hybrid Composites

M. Chandrasekar, K. Senthilkumar, M. Jawaid, Mohamed H. Mahmoud, H. Fouad, Mohini Sain

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


In this article, flexural, impact and dynamic mechanical properties of the Pineapple leaf fibres (PALF) and Washingtonia trunk fibres (GW) based bio-phenolic hybrid composites were examined. The pure and hybrid composites were fabricated using the hand lay-up technique with an overall fibre weight ratio of 50% in which GW and PALF were maintained in the fibre weight ratios of 50:50, 30:70, and 70:30 denoted as 1G1P, 3G7P, and 7G3P, respectively. Hybrid composites displayed better flexural strength, flexural modulus and impact strength than the GW composites and better viscoelastic properties than the PALF composites. Results revealed that 1G1P hybrid composites exhibited 25% and 12% improvements in flexural strength and modulus compared to the GW composites. 3P7K composites showed a twofold increase in impact strength than GW composites. The storage modulus of the pure and hybrid composites declined rapidly beyond the glass transition temperature. Furthermore, it was observed that the values of storage modulus for all the composites at 150 °C were similar regardless of the composite configuration. The Peak of loss modulus was found to increase in the following order: GW > 7G3P > 3G7P > 1G1P > PALF. Furthermore, the temperature at the peak tan delta was improved, and a reduction in the tan delta peak was observed for hybrid composites compared to the pure composites. Finally, the PALF and GW hybrid combinations can be suitable for use in various applications such as textiles, machinery part production industries, medicine, automobiles, etc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4157-4165
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Polymers and the Environment
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Bio-phenolic resin
  • Dynamic mechanical properties
  • Flexural properties
  • Impact strength
  • Pineapple leaf fibres
  • Washingtonia trunk fibre

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Engineering
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry


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