Mechanical performance assessment of internally-defected materials manufactured using additive manufacturing technology

Abdel Hamid Ismail Mourad, Amir Hussain Idrisi, John Victor Christy, Dinu Thomas Thekkuden, Hamad Al Jassmi, Abdallah M. Ghazal, Mahmmoud M. Syam, Omar Darwish Ali Ahmed Al Qadi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Citations (Scopus)


Assessment of the mechanical performance of internally-defected components or struc-tures is of crucial importance to many industrial fields such as aerospace, automobile, marine, construction etc. Most of the studies available in the literature include only analytical or numerical solutions, due to difficulty in the manufacturing of a testing sample with a specific internal defect geometry for experimental evaluations. In this study, Fusion Deposition Modeling (FDM) was utilized in the 3D-printing of Polylactic Acid (PLA) samples with internal cracks, aiming to assess their impact on the samples’ mechanical performance. The defect geometry, orientation, location along the sample gauge length and the influence of the process parameters, such as the infill percentage and the material color, were investigated. The influence of the internal defects is more pronounced for a 100% infill rate if compared with a 50% infill rate as a consequence of the porosity. A maximum drop of ~14% in the peak load of defect-free samples was recorded due to the presence of the internal defect. Moreover, the additive color to the PLA material might contribute to the material strength. Generally, the findings of this work could open another door for utilizing the additive manufacturing in many research areas, with potential industrial applications relevant to the assessment of internally-defected materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number74
JournalJournal of Manufacturing and Materials Processing
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2019


  • Elliptical crack
  • Fusion deposition method
  • Infill rate
  • Internal defect
  • Mechanical performance
  • Polylactic acid

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


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