Mechanical properties of hybrid graphene nanoplatelet-nanosilica filled unidirectional basalt fibre composites

Ummu Raihanah Hashim, Aidah Jumahat, Mohammad Jawaid

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Basalt fibre (BF) is one of the most promising reinforcing natural materials for polymer composites that could replace the usage of glass fibre due to its comparable properties. The aim of adding nanofiller in polymer composites is to enhance the mechanical properties of the composites. In theory, the incorporation of high strength and stiffness nanofiller, namely graphene nanoplatelet (GNP), could create superior composite properties. However, the main challenges of incorporating this nanofiller are its poor dispersion state and aggregation in epoxy due to its high surface area and strong Van der Waals forces in between graphene sheets. In this study, we used one of the effective methods of functionalization to improve graphene’s dispersion and also introducing nanosilica filler to enhance platelets shear mechanism. The high dispersive silica nanospheres were introduced in the tactoids morphology of stacked graphene nanosheets in order to produce high shear forces during milling and exfoliate the GNP. The hybrid nanofiller modified epoxy polymers were impregnated into BF to evaluate the mechanical properties of the basalt fibre reinforced polymeric (BFRP) system under tensile, compression, flexural, and drop-weight impact tests. In response to the synergistic effect of zero-dimensional nanosilica and two-dimensional graphene nanoplatelets enhanced the mechanical properties of BFRP, especially in Basalt fibre + 0.2 wt% GNP/15 wt% NS (BF-H0.2) with the highest increment in modulus and strength to compare with unmodified BF. These findings also revealed that the incorporation of hybrid nanofiller contributed to the improvement in the mechanical properties of the composite. BF has huge potential as an alternative to the synthetic glass fibre for the fabrication of mechanical components and structures.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1468
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Basalt fibre
  • Epoxy polymer
  • Graphene nanoplatelets (GNP)
  • Hybrid filler
  • Mechanical properties
  • Nanosilica

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering
  • General Materials Science


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