Mechanistic study of Pb2++ removal from aqueous solutions using eggshells

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3 Citations (Scopus)


This study investigates the impact of eggshell particle size and solid-to-water (s/w) ratio on lead (Pb2++) removal from aqueous solution. Collected raw eggshells were washed, crushed, and sieved into two particle sizes (<150 and 150-500 μm). Batch Pb2++ removal experiments were conducted at different s/w ratios with initial Pb2++ concentrations of up to 70 mg/L. The contribution of precipitation to Pb2++ removal was simulated by quantifying removal using eggshell water, whereas sorbed Pb2++ was quantified by acid digestion. Results indicated that eggshell particle sizes did not affect Pb2++ removal. High removal (up to 99%) of Pb2++ was achieved for low initial Pb2++ concentrations (<30 mg/L) across all s/w ratios studied. However, higher removal capacity was observed at lower s/w ratios. In addition, results confirmed that precipitation played a major role in the removal of Pb2++ by eggshells. Yet, this role decreased as the s/w ratio and initial concentration of Pb2++ increased. A predictive relationship that relates the normalized removal capacity of eggshells to the s/w ratio was developed to potentially facilitate the design of the reactor.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2517
JournalWater (Switzerland)
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - Sept 2020


  • Pb+ removal
  • Precipitation
  • Removal mechanisms
  • Solid-to-water ratio
  • Sorption
  • Waste recycling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Biochemistry
  • Aquatic Science
  • Water Science and Technology


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