Meta QTL analysis for dissecting abiotic stress tolerance in chickpea

Sourav Panigrahi, Upendra Kumar, Sonu Swami, Yogita Singh, Priyanka Balyan, Krishna Pal singh, Om Parkash Dhankher, Rajeev K. Varshney, Manish Roorkiwal, Khaled M.A. Amiri, Reyazul Rouf Mir

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Chickpea is prone to many abiotic stresses such as heat, drought, salinity, etc. which cause severe loss in yield. Tolerance towards these stresses is quantitative in nature and many studies have been done to map the loci influencing these traits in different populations using different markers. This study is an attempt to meta-analyse those reported loci projected over a high-density consensus map to provide a more accurate information on the regions influencing heat, drought, cold and salinity tolerance in chickpea. Results: A meta-analysis of QTL reported to be responsible for tolerance to drought, heat, cold and salinity stress tolerance in chickpeas was done. A total of 1512 QTL responsible for the concerned abiotic stress tolerance were collected from literature, of which 1189 were projected on a chickpea consensus genetic map. The QTL meta-analysis predicted 59 MQTL spread over all 8 chromosomes, responsible for these 4 kinds of abiotic stress tolerance in chickpea. The physical locations of 23 MQTL were validated by various marker-trait associations and genome-wide association studies. Out of these reported MQTL, CaMQAST1.1, CaMQAST4.1, CaMQAST4.4, CaMQAST7.8, and CaMQAST8.2 were suggested to be useful for different breeding approaches as they were responsible for high per cent variance explained (PVE), had small intervals and encompassed a large number of originally reported QTL. Many putative candidate genes that might be responsible for directly or indirectly conferring abiotic stress tolerance were identified in the region covered by 4 major MQTL- CaMQAST1.1, CaMQAST4.4, CaMQAST7.7, and CaMQAST6.4, such as heat shock proteins, auxin and gibberellin response factors, etc. Conclusion: The results of this study should be useful for the breeders and researchers to develop new chickpea varieties which are tolerant to drought, heat, cold, and salinity stresses.

Original languageEnglish
Article number439
JournalBMC Genomics
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2024

Keywords

  • Biomercator
  • Consensus map
  • Explained phenotypic variance
  • GWAS
  • Marker density
  • Meta-analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Genetics

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