Microbial Fuel Cell as a Future Energy Source: A Review of Its Development, Design, Power Generation, and Voltage Reversal Control Mechanism

Ganesan V. Murugesu, Saiful Nizam Khalid, Hussain Shareef

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Microbial fuel cells (MFCs) are a promising technology that use microorganisms to generate electrical energy from chemical energy. However, ultralow-power production and high-cost materials have become significant drawbacks in MFC development. Therefore, various methods have been proposed for increasing the output power of MFC. Among them, stacking multiple cells in a series has been suggested as the most promising method for generating high power in MFC. However, voltage reversal (VR) has become an issue that limits the electrical power generation in stacked MFC. Thus, this study investigates and discusses the actual cause of the voltage reversal phenomenon in a series-stacked MFC from the perspective of electron and proton transfer mechanisms. This paper also discusses the electronic control methods used to eliminate VR and challenges in MFC development. Furthermore, this review also briefly explains the evolution of MFC development stages and the factors influencing MFC performance. It is found that solving the VR issue in a series of stacked MFC is a significant factor in boosting MFC technology in the commercial world. In addition, reducing material and operational costs will promote future implementation of MFCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)128022-128045
Number of pages24
JournalIEEE Access
Volume10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2022

Keywords

  • Electron and proton transfer mechanisms
  • microbial fuel cell
  • series-stacked
  • substrate concentration
  • voltage reversal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Engineering
  • General Computer Science
  • General Materials Science

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Microbial Fuel Cell as a Future Energy Source: A Review of Its Development, Design, Power Generation, and Voltage Reversal Control Mechanism'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this