Middleware Infrastructure for Parallel and Distributed Programming Models in Heterogeneous Systems

Jameela Al-Jaroodi, Nader Mohamed, Hong Jiang, David Swanson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

49 Citations (Scopus)


In this paper, we introduce a middleware infrastructure that provides software services for developing and deploying high-performance parallel programming models and distributed applications on clusters and networked heterogeneous systems. This middleware infrastructure utilizes distributed agents residing on the participating machines and communicating with one another to perform the required functions. An intensive study of the parallel programming models in Java has helped identify the common requirements for a runtime support environment, which we used to define the middleware functionality. A Java-based prototype, based on this architecture, has been developed along with a Java Object-Passing Interface (JOPI) class library. Since this system is written completely in Java, it is portable and allows executing programs in parallel across multiple heterogeneous platforms. With the middleware infrastructure, users need not deal with the mechanisms of deploying and loading user classes on the heterogeneous system. Moreover, details of scheduling, controlling, monitoring, and executing user jobs are hidden, while the management of system resources is made transparent to the user. Such uniform services are essential for facilitating the development and deployment of scalable high-performance Java applications on clusters and heterogeneous systems. An initial deployment of a parallel Java programming model over a heterogeneous, distributed system shows good performance results. In addition, a framework for the agents' startup mechanism and organization is introduced to provide scalable deployment and communication among the agents.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1100-1111
Number of pages12
JournalIEEE Transactions on Parallel and Distributed Systems
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2003
Externally publishedYes


  • Cluster
  • Distributed agents
  • Distributed systems middleware
  • Heterogeneous systems
  • Parallel and distributed Java
  • Parallel programming models

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics


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