Modeling groundwater conditions in Al-Wafra area of southern Kuwait

A. Akber, M. Sherif, H. Ghoneim

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Kuwait is located in an arid region where surface water is generally scarce and infrequent. Groundwater resources are limited and mostly nonrenewable. Groundwater levels and quality have declined considerably as a result of over-pumping practices in the farming areas of Kuwait. Al-Wafra area, in southern Kuwait, is no exception. The groundwater levels have declined by about 10 m over the last decade. Aquifers are subject to depletion under the current pumping rates. This paper simulates the groundwater conditions in Al-Wafra area both quantitatively and qualitatively. To that end, SUTRA, a two-dimensional USGS model, is used to simulate the groundwater flow and solute transport in the areal view. A study domain of 30x15.5 km is considered and a fine grid is adapted to ensure the accuracy of the simulation. Groundwater samples are collected and analyzed. The results of the numerical simulations are compared with field observations. Equipotential and equi-concentration lines are predicted for the year 2010.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationGeoengineering in arid lands. Developments in arid regions research 1.
EditorsA.M.O. Mohamed, K.I. Hosani
Pages451-457
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2000
Externally publishedYes
Event40th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy -
Duration: Sept 17 2000Sept 20 2000

Publication series

NameGeoengineering in arid lands. Developments in arid regions research 1.

Other

Other40th Interscience Conference on Antimicrobial Agents and Chemotherapy
Period9/17/009/20/00

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Earth and Planetary Sciences
  • General Environmental Science

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