Modeling of inexpensive strengthening technique for reinforced concrete beams

Usama Ebead, Huda Saeed

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


A noble cause motivated the interest to carry out research work on an inexpensive strengthening technique using ferrocement for reinforced concrete beams applicable in developing countries. Ferrocement as an inexpensive strengthening material is suitable for some developing countries where using such a technique offers an optimum strengthening solution for deteriorated structures. The main experimental component of this research work on strengthening reinforced concrete beams has been already published. This paper primarily presents material characterization and fnite element models to study the ?exural and interfacial types of behavior of ferrocement-strengthened concrete beams. Twenty-seven (27) ferrocement specimens were tested under direct tension to characterize the behavior of the used ferrocement. Special grip attachments have been designed and manufactured to elude local failure at the specimens' ends. Based on the direct tension test results, a stress-strain relationship has been developed to describe the uniaxial tensile constitutive relation for ferrocement in the fnite element models. The interfacial bond behavior between the ferrocement and the concrete is considered in the models by using interface elements. Moreover, a user-defned subroutine for the microplane constitutive law is integrated into the model for the concrete material. Results of the fnite element modeling are presented for the ultimate load-carrying capacities, load-de?ection history, and stress distributions at the ferrocement/concrete interface. The fnite element modeling results have been validated against the published experimental fndings and have shown reasonable agreement.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)451-462
Number of pages12
JournalACI Structural Journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Beams
  • Cementitious materials
  • Direct tensile test
  • Ferrocement
  • Fnite element modeling
  • Reinforced concrete
  • Strengthening

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction


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