Modelling the role of institutional quality on carbon emissions in Sub-Saharan African countries

Sitara Karim, Michael Appiah, Muhammad Abubakr Naeem, Brian M. Lucey, Mingxing Li

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

63 Citations (Scopus)


The motivation of this study stems from the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals on clean and responsible energy consumption, climate change mitigation and sustainable economic growth (UN-SDGs-7, 11, 12 and 13). The present study examines the impact of institutional quality on CO2 emissions in the presence of the Environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC) framework using data on CO2 emissions and the six dimensions of institutional quality from the World Governance Indicators (WGI). The current study focuses on selected 30 Sub-Saharan African (SSA) countries over the annual period from 2000 to 2021. The EKC hypothesis revealed CO2 emissions are substantially reduced by corruption control, regulatory quality, and the rule of law. Findings from the Dumitrescu and Hurlin causality test showed a one-way causality running from CO2 emissions to industrialization. Similar uni-directional causality is observed between economic growth, and energy consumption. On the other hand, we observed a two-way causality flow from CO2 emissions to population growth and all indices of institutional quality over the investigated period. These findings indicate that government agencies should efficiently implement acceptable strategies for pollution control and enact public benefit environmental regulations in the form of a healthier climate for the entire population.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)213-221
Number of pages9
JournalRenewable energy
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2022


  • Climate change mitigation
  • CO emissions
  • Environmental Kuznets curve
  • Environmental sustainability
  • Institutional quality indicators
  • Sub-Saharan Africa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment


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