Background: Despite evidence that altered membrane porins may impair microbial drug uptake thereby potentially compounding efflux pump-mediated multidrug resistance, few studies have evaluated gene transcription to identify multidrug-resistance-associated porins and other potential drug targets. Methods: Genes that encode six membrane porins (fadL, lamB, ompC, ompF, ompW and yiaT) and two membrane proteins (tolC and ompT) were assessed by PCR and by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR) analysis of 10 multidrug-resistant (MDR) and 10 antibiotic-susceptible (AS) Escherichia coli isolates. The mean ΔΔCt values for the study E. coli genes were analysed by the Wilcoxon test (P=0.05). Results: All 20 E. coli isolates tested positive for tolC, lamB, ompC, ompF genes, while 10 MDR and 9/10 (90%) AS isolates were positive for the fadL gene. Seven out of 10 (70%) MDR and 7/10 (70%) AS isolates were positive for the yiaT gene, while 7/10 (70%) MDR and only 4/10 (40%) AS isolates were positive for the ompT gene. The mean ΔΔCt values for the tolC and yiaT genes were significantly higher in MDR than in AS isolates (Wilcoxon test; P<0.05). No significant difference was seen with respect to fadL, lamB, ompC, ompF, ompT and ompW gene transcription (Wilcoxon test; P>0.05). Conclusions: Findings suggest up-regulated transcription of tolC and yiaT genes in the MDR E. coli isolates. These results indirectly suggest that TolC and YiaT proteins may play some role(s) in multidrug resistance, but proteomic studies are needed before the two proteins are considered potential drug targets.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 17 2010|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Microbiology (medical)
- Pharmacology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases