Molecular Characterization of MCR-1 Producing Enterobacterales Isolated in Poultry Farms in the United Arab Emirates

Ágnes Sonnevend, Walid Q. Alali, Sara A. Mahmoud, Akela Ghazawi, Greeshma Bharathan, Szilvia Melegh, Tahir A. Rizvi, Tibor Pál

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Data on the prevalence of MCR-producing Enterobacterales of animal origin are scarce from the Arabian Peninsula. We investigated the presence and variety of such strains from fecal specimens of poultry collected in four farms in the United Arab Emirates. Colonies from ten composite samples per farm grown on colistin-supplemented plates were PCR-screened for alleles of the mcr gene. Thirtynine isolates selected based on species, colony morphology, and plasmid profile were subjected to whole genome sequencing. The panel of their resistance and virulence genes, MLST and cgMLST were established. Transferability and incompatibility types of the MCR-plasmids were determined. mcr-1.1 positive strains were identified in 36 of the 40 samples. Thirty-four multi-drug resistant Escherichia coli of 16 different sequence types, two Escherichia albertii, two Klebsiella pneumoniae and one Salmonella minnesota were identified. Beyond various aminoglycoside, tetracycline, and cotrimoxazole resistance genes, seven of them also carried ESBL genes and one blaCMY-2 . Six IncHI2, 26 IncI2 and 4 IncX4 MCR-plasmids were mobilized, in case of the IncHI2 plasmids co-transferring ampicillin, chloramphenicol and tetracycline resistance. The diversity of mcr-1 positive strains suggest a complex local epidemiology calling for a coordinated surveillance including animals, retail meat and clinical cases.

Original languageEnglish
Article number305
JournalAntibiotics
Volume11
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2022

Keywords

  • Middle East
  • Mobile colistin resistance
  • Multi-drug resistance
  • Poultry

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Biochemistry
  • Microbiology

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