Molybdenum nitrides from structures to industrial applications

Zainab N. Jaf, Hussein A. Miran, Zhong Tao Jiang, Mohammednoor Altarawneh

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Owing to their remarkable characteristics, refractory molybdenum nitride (MoN x )-based compounds have been deployed in a wide range of strategic industrial applications. This review reports the electronic and structural properties that render MoN x materials as potent catalytic surfaces for numerous chemical reactions and surveys the syntheses, procedures, and catalytic applications in pertinent industries such as the petroleum industry. In particular, hydrogenation, hydrodesulfurization, and hydrodeoxygenation are essential processes in the refinement of oil segments and their conversions into commodity fuels and platform chemicals. N-vacant sites over a catalyst's surface are a significant driver of diverse chemical phenomena. Studies on various reaction routes have emphasized that the transfer of adsorbed hydrogen atoms from the N-vacant sites reduces the activation barriers for bond breaking at key structural linkages. Density functional theory has recently provided an atomic-level understanding of Mo-N systems as active ingredients in hydrotreating processes. These Mo-N systems are potentially extendible to the hydrogenation of more complex molecules, most notably, oxygenated aromatic compounds.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)329-361
Number of pages33
JournalReviews in Chemical Engineering
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Apr 1 2023


  • binary nitrides
  • catalysts
  • density functional theory
  • hydrodesulfurization
  • hydrogenation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemical Engineering


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