Moment gradient factor of cellular steel beams under inelastic flexure

Khaled M. El-Sawy, Amr M.I. Sweedan, Mohammad Iqbal Martini

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

44 Citations (Scopus)


The flexural capacity of cellular steel beams is influenced by both local and global instabilities. In the current paper, the finite element method is employed to investigate the inelastic behavior of cellular steel beams under combined buckling modes. A three-dimensional non-linear finite element model, that takes into consideration possible interaction between lateral torsional/distortional buckling modes and localized deformations of the cross section is developed and validated against available results in the literature. The study considers simply supported beams subjected to three different load configurations; mid-span load, uniformly distributed load and end moments. An extensive parametric analysis is conducted to assess the impact of various geometrical parameters on the inelastic stability of cellular steel beams. These parameters include the dimensions of the beam cross-section; flange width and thickness, web height and thickness, and hole size and spacing. The moment gradient factors that correspond to various buckling modes experienced by the wide range of dimensions considered in the simulation study are reported. The outcomes of the this study are expected to provide more insight into the behavior of cellular steel beams and enable accurate prediction of the moment gradient factor and consequently the flexural capacity of this special type of steel beams.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)20-34
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Constructional Steel Research
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2014


  • Buckling
  • Elasto-plastic
  • Finite element
  • Lateral torsional buckling
  • Steel beam

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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