The United Arab Emirates (UAE) is located in an arid desert climate with very limited water resources and scarce rainfall. Along with the fast development of the country, the water demand for agriculture, industrial, and domestic purposes increased and led to diminishing groundwater resources. In this study, we explore the land surface deformations due to groundwater overexploitation in the agricultural area of Remah by analyzing Sentinel-1 data between 2015 and 2019 with the novel Parallelized-Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (P-PSI) technique. The detected land surface deformations have been correlated to the recorded groundwater levels at nearby water wells. This study detected land surface deformations in a form of an extensive subsidence bowl (with 28.5 km in diameter) with a maximum subsidence rate of 40 mm/year and a standard deviation within the bowl of less than 2 mm/year. The detected subsidence was associated with a 12 m drop in the water table level within the study area. The Persistent Scatterers with the highest deformations rate were spatially correlated with the depression cone of the groundwater level. These findings provide useful insights in understanding the groundwater regime of the area and have an important role in assessing regional hazards and driving mitigation measures towards managing uncontrolled groundwater overexploitation for sustainable management of groundwater resources.
- Land subsidence
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Waste Management and Disposal