Motor vehicle collisions with large animals

Masoud O. Bashir, Fikri M. Abu-Zidan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


Motor vehicle collisions (MVC) with large animals are a worldwide problem. In this review, we aim to analyze the mechanisms and patterns of human injuries caused by MVC with large animals and various ways to prevent them. Reported studies on large animals that can cause such accidents include the moose, camels, deer, and kangaroos. The moose causes a typical rear-and downward deformity of the roof of the car. The camel falls on the roof of the car causing cervical and head injury to the occupants. Injuries caused by kangaroos and deer are usually mild. Injuries may be caused by direct collision with the animal or hitting another object when trying to avoid it. Alarming signs, underpasses or overpasses for animals, and reflectors that frighten the animals were all used to prevent the collisions. Roo-bars are used in Australia to reduce the car damage when hit by a kangaroo. Fencing has proven useful in United Arab Emirates. The mechanism of injury varies with the size and height of the animal and can be serious. Increased awareness of the effects of collision with large animals and ways to reduce it has to be promoted.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1116-1120
Number of pages5
JournalSaudi Medical Journal
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2006

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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