MtMTP2-Facilitated zinc transport into intracellular compartments is essential for nodule development in medicago truncatula

Javier León-Mediavilla, Marta Senovilla, Jesús Montiel, Patricia Gil-Díez, Ángela Saez, Igor S. Kryvoruchko, María Reguera, Michael K. Udvardi, Juan Imperial, Manuel González-Guerrero

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Citations (Scopus)


Zinc (Zn) is an essential nutrient for plants that is involved in almost every biological process. This includes symbiotic nitrogen fixation, a process carried out by endosymbiotic bacteria (rhizobia) living within differentiated plant cells of legume root nodules. Zn transport in nodules involves delivery from the root, via the vasculature, release into the apoplast and uptake into nodule cells. Once in the cytosol, Zn can be used directly by cytosolic proteins or delivered into organelles, including symbiosomes of infected cells, by Zn efflux transporters. Medicago truncatula MtMTP2 (Medtr4g064893) is a nodule-induced Zn-efflux protein that was localized to an intracellular compartment in root epidermal and endodermal cells, as well as in nodule cells. Although the MtMTP2 gene is expressed in roots, shoots, and nodules, mtp2 mutants exhibited growth defects only under symbiotic, nitrogen-fixing conditions. Loss of MtMTP2 function resulted in altered nodule development, defects in bacteroid differentiation, and severe reduction of nitrogenase activity. The results presented here support a role of MtMTP2 in intracellular compartmentation of Zn, which is required for effective symbiotic nitrogen fixation in M. truncatula.

Original languageEnglish
Article number990
JournalFrontiers in Plant Science
Publication statusPublished - Jul 10 2018
Externally publishedYes


  • Cation diffusion facilitator
  • Metal nutrition
  • Metal transport protein
  • Nodulation
  • Symbiotic nitrogen fixation
  • Zinc

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Plant Science


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