Background: Peripheral neuropathy of both motor and sensory nerves has been well documented in diabetes mellitus, but the evidence for physiological and correlated morphological changes during the pathogenesis of myopathy is scarce. In the present report, we have chosen the dorsiflexor muscle of adult male mice as a model for studying in situ muscle contraction and neuromuscular ultrastructure during the pathogenesis of streptozotocin- induced diabetes. Methods: Thirty mice (30 g bodyweight) were injected once i.p. with streptozotocin solution (200 mg/kg) to induce experimental diabetes mellitus. Comparative analyses of in situ muscle isometric contractile characteristics were studied (at 1 Hz, 5 Hz, and 30 Hz nerve stimulation) in urethane-anesthetized (2 mg/g, i.p.) control and diabetic mice at three time points, 2 weeks, 4 weeks, and 8 weeks postinjection. Synaptic delay was also recorded in diabetic and age-matched control mice. Results: There was a significant increase in synaptic delay in both 4-week and 8-week diabetic mice compared with control mice (8.9 ± 1.2 msec and 7.6 ± 0.6 msec, respectively, compared with 6.1 ± 0.5 msec). At all three stimulation frequencies, diabetes did not affect muscle contractile speed but significantly reduced the twitch tension after 8 weeks, with no changes at 2 weeks or 4 weeks. The recorded single-twitch tension values were 2.6 ± 0.3 g, 2.1 ± 0.6 g, 2.2 ± 0.7 g, and 1.2 ± 0.1 g for control, 2 weeks, 4 weeks, and 8 weeks, respectively. At 30 Hz, the recorded tension values were 4.6 ± 1.6 g, 3.1 ± 1.2 g, 3.1 ± 1.1 g, and 2.1 ± 1.0 g for control, 2 weeks, 4 weeks, and 8 weeks, respectively. Ultrastructural changes in neuromuscular junctions were similar to those that have been described in disuse and aging. These changes were observed after 8 weeks and included severe loss of synaptic vesicles, electron-dense bodies, and myelin-like figures as well as degeneration of mitochondria. Conclusions: The results reveal that streptozotocin-induced diabetes affects presynaptically the neuromuscular junction as well as muscle itself. Actions at both sites may contribute to the functional alterations seen in muscle contractile properties and may play a role in the pathogenesis of diabetic neuromyopathy.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - Jun 1998|
- Muscle contraction
- Neuromuscular junction
- Skeletal muscle
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences (miscellaneous)