Nano-based smart pesticide formulations: Emerging opportunities for agriculture

Sandeep Kumar, Monika Nehra, Neeraj Dilbaghi, Giovanna Marrazza, Ashraf Aly Hassan, Ki Hyun Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

416 Citations (Scopus)


The incorporation of nanotechnology as a means for nanopesticides is in the early stage of development. The main idea behind this incorporation is to lower the indiscriminate use of conventional pesticides to be in line with safe environmental applications. Nanoencapsulated pesticides can provide controlled release kinetics, while efficiently enhancing permeability, stability, and solubility. Nanoencapsulation can enhance the pest-control efficiency over extended durations by preventing the premature degradation of active ingredients (AIs) under harsh environmental conditions. This review is thus organized to critically assess the significant role of nanotechnology for encapsulation of AIs for pesticides. The smart delivery of pesticides is essential to reduce the dosage of AIs with enhanced efficacy and to overcome pesticide loss (e.g., due to leaching and evaporation). The future trends of pesticide nanoformulations including nanomaterials as AIs and nanoemulsions of biopesticides are also explored. This review should thus offer a valuable guide for establishing regulatory frameworks related to field applications of these nano-based pesticides in the near future.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-153
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Controlled Release
Publication statusPublished - Jan 28 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Agriculture
  • Nanoformulations
  • Pesticide management
  • Pesticides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmaceutical Science


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