Nanocrystals as stoichiometric reagents with unique surface chemistry. New adsorbents for air purification

Abbas Khaleel, Weifeng Li, Kenneth J. Klabunde

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review

32 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Nanocrystals of MgO and CaO were prepared with high surface areas/gram, often as high as 500 m2/g. These materials were investigated as adsorbents for typical volatile organic compounds that are representative of air pollutants. As a result of their high surface areas and their enhanced surface reactivity, nanocrystalline MgO and CaO have shown a remarkably high capacity to chemically adsorb such organic compounds. Compared to high surface area activated carbon, the most widely used material in this application, our nanocrystalline materials have shown much better adsorption in regards to the amount and the nature of adsorption. FT-IR investigation of acetaldehyde adsorption on AP-MgO indicates that a multilayer dissociative adsorption takes place as a result of surface interaction with the carbonyl bond followed by aldehydic hydrogen dissociation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)463-466
Number of pages4
JournalNanostructured Materials
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1 1999
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 1998 4th International Conference on Nanostructured Materials (NANO '98) - Stockholm, Swed
Duration: Jun 14 1998Jun 19 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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