Nanomedicines: Emerging Platforms in Smart Chemotherapy Treatment—A Recent Review

Mosab Arafat, Molham Sakkal, Rami Beiram, Salahdein AbuRuz

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Cancer continues to pose one of the most critical challenges in global healthcare. Despite the wide array of existing cancer drugs, the primary obstacle remains in selectively targeting and eliminating cancer cells while minimizing damage to healthy ones, thereby reducing treatment side effects. The revolutionary approach of utilizing nanomaterials for delivering cancer therapeutic agents has significantly enhanced the efficacy and safety of chemotherapeutic drugs. This crucial shift is attributed to the unique properties of nanomaterials, enabling nanocarriers to transport therapeutic agents to tumor sites in both passive and active modes, while minimizing drug elimination from delivery systems. Furthermore, these nanocarriers can be designed to respond to internal or external stimuli, thus facilitating controlled drug release. However, the production of nanomedications for cancer therapy encounters various challenges that can impede progress in this field. This review aims to provide a comprehensive overview of the current state of nanomedication in cancer treatment. It explores a variety of nanomaterials, focusing on their unique properties that are crucial for overcoming the limitations of conventional chemotherapy. Additionally, the review delves into the properties and functionalities of nanocarriers, highlighting their significant impact on the evolution of nanomedicine. It also critically assesses recent advancements in drug delivery systems, covering a range of innovative delivery methodologies. Finally, the review succinctly addresses the challenges encountered in developing nanomedications, offering insightful perspectives to guide future research in this field.

Original languageEnglish
Article number315
JournalPharmaceuticals
Volume17
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2024

Keywords

  • cancer
  • chemotherapeutic drugs
  • controlled drug release
  • drug delivery systems
  • nanomedicine
  • passive and active drug delivery
  • selective targeting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Pharmaceutical Science
  • Drug Discovery

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