Nanostructured Design Cathode Materials for Magnesium-Ion Batteries

Mohsin Javed, Afzal Shah, Jan Nisar, Suniya Shahzad, Abdul Haleem, Iltaf Shah

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review


Energy is undeniably one of the most fundamental requirements of the current generation. Solar and wind energy are sustainable and renewable energy sources; however, their unpredictability points to the development of energy storage systems (ESSs). There has been a substantial increase in the use of batteries, particularly lithium-ion batteries (LIBs), as ESSs. However, low rate capability and degradation due to electric load in long-range electric vehicles are pushing LIBs to their limits. As alternative ESSs, magnesium-ion batteries (MIBs) possess promising properties and advantages. Cathode materials play a crucial role in MIBs. In this regard, a variety of cathode materials, including Mn-based, Se-based, vanadium- and vanadium oxide-based, S-based, and Mg2+-containing cathodes, have been investigated by experimental and theoretical techniques. Results reveal that the discharge capacity, capacity retention, and cycle life of cathode materials need improvement. Nevertheless, maintaining the long-term stability of the electrode-electrolyte interface during high-voltage operation continues to be a hurdle in the execution of MIBs, despite the continuous research in this field. The current Review mainly focuses on the most recent nanostructured-design cathode materials in an attempt to draw attention to MIBs and promote the investigation of suitable cathode materials for this promising energy storage device.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4229-4245
Number of pages17
JournalACS Omega
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Jan 30 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Chemistry
  • General Chemical Engineering


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