Natural convection flow of a fluid using Atangana and Baleanu fractional model

Sidra Aman, Thabet Abdeljawad, Qasem Al-Mdallal

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)


A modified fractional model for the magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) flow of a fluid is developed utilizing Atangana–Baleanu fractional derivative (ABFD). Natural convection and wall oscillation instigate the flow over a vertical plate positioned in a porous medium. The partial differential equations (PDEs) are transmuted to ordinary differential equations (ODEs). The Laplace transform method with its inversion is employed to accomplish the exact solutions of momentum and heat equations. The final solution is expressed in terms of gamma function, modified Bessel function, and Mittag-Leffler function. The previous definitions Caputo fractional and Riemann–Liouville are rarely used by the researchers now due to their limitations. The newly introduced ABFD has got significance nowadays due to its nonlocal and nonsingular kernel. This work focuses on the oscillating boundary conditions for the viscous model in terms of ABFD. The influence of involved parameters is interpreted through plots. The velocity profile is an increasing function of fractional parameter and jumps for a higher Grashof number due to buoyancy push. Furthermore, the Atangana–Baleanu (AB) model is compared with the ordinary derivative model for limiting case and analyzed in detail. It is noted that the ordinary fluid flows faster compared to the fractional fluid.

Original languageEnglish
Article number305
JournalAdvances in Difference Equations
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1 2020


  • Atangana–Baleanu fractional derivative
  • Fluid flow
  • Laplace transform method
  • Natural convection

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analysis
  • Algebra and Number Theory
  • Applied Mathematics


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